About Resilient Vinyl Flooring

Resilient vinyl flooring is a very popular product these days. According to Floor Covering Weekly, resilient vinyl has long been the most popular hard surface flooring in the United States. At D&S, we’re often installing sheet vinyl, luxury vinyl plank (LVP), luxury vinyl tile (LVT), or a vinyl composite. Resilient vinyl is affordable, waterproof, low maintenance, and with advancing engineering techniques and modern high definition printing technology, the highly realistic designs are visually appealing. At a glance, some LVP can easily be mistaken for real hardwood!

Construction of Resilient Vinyl

Resilient vinyl flooring gets its name from its main component polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a synthetic plastic polymer. Polymers are both durable and resilient which give this type of flooring its strength, flexibility, and also it’s waterproof quality.

Resilient vinyl flooring falls into four basic categories of composition: 100% vinyl, wood plastic composite (WPC), stone plastic composite (SPC), and hybrid vinyl manufactured with fiberglass for increased dimensional stability and rigidity. There are a lot of options in the vinyl family, and we’ll walk you through what the options are. Some companies make a distinction between WPC and “rigid core” flooring. For our purposes in explaining the ever-developing options, we’re including rigid core in the WPC category.

100% Vinyl

100% vinyl or traditional vinyl flooring is composed completely of PVC and other similar natural and synthetic polymers. From the wear layer to the backing, PVC is the main component.

Examples of this type of flooring would be most of your sheet vinyl goods.

WPC (Wood Plastic Composite) Vinyl

WPC resilient vinyl flooring takes traditional vinyl one step further by adding a more dense, engineered core to the composition. Made by combining wood pulp, plasticizers and foaming agents, WPC resilient vinyl is more resistant to indentation while maintaining the softer feel of vinyl underfoot. CoreTec Plus engineered vinyl planks, for example, come with an extruded core made from recycled wood and bamboo dust, limestone, and virgin PVC. As technology progresses, companies are manufacturing WPC options with even better performing cores for greater dent resistance and higher dimensional stability.

Examples of WPC resilient vinyl include Mannington Adura Max LVP, US Floors CoreTec Plus, Tarkett ProGen, and Shaw Floors Floorte Pro.

SPC (Stone Plastic Composite) Vinyl

SPC resilient vinyl flooring with limestone as part of its construction is the most dent-resistant and dimensionally stable option in the resilient vinyl family. It combines the strength of tile with the warmth of vinyl without the high risk of cracking. Vinyl composition tile (VCT) falls into this category and has long been the king of commercial applications, but within the last 10 years, manufacturers like Armstrong have begun adding limestone to their luxury vinyl tile (LVT) lines, effectively combining the strength of VCT with the wide variety of looks and low maintenance of LVT, and commercial customers have taken notice! Additionally, SPC’s ability to resist expanding and contracting in extreme temperature environments, make it an excellent choice for sunroom flooring or a hunting cabin, for example.

Examples of SPC resilient vinyl are Armstrong Flooring’s Alterna and Congoleum’s Duraceramic products.

Hybrid Vinyl

Hybrid vinyl is simply vinyl composed of both pvc and fiberglass. Fiberglass adds dimensional stability, increased rigidity, and increased resistance to moisture.

Layers of Resilient Vinyl

There are typically 5 layers that make up resilient vinyl. The top layer, called the protective layer, is composed of a urethane or aluminum oxide finish for a high degree of protection against scuffs, scratches, stains, and wear. Each option in the vinyl family will have this option. Right underneath the top layer, is a clear PVC film layer, called the wear layer, ranging in thickness from 6 millimeters to 12 millimeters for residential flooring and 20 millimeters or more for commercial flooring. Both the protective and wear layers work together to prevent damage to the print film, the third layer in resilient vinyl. The print layer is what gives the resilient vinyl flooring its look. These looks include various wood and stone patterns, and patterned designs. Underneath the print layer is the middle or core layer, the real “meat” of the product which gives the product its thickness, durability and flexibility. Often, this layer comprises 90% of the thickness of the vinyl. As mentioned, the actual composition of the core varies from one category to another giving each product a range of moderate to high-density. Working together with the backing layer, these layers can hide subfloor imperfections. Finally, the backing layer is the bottom layer that contacts the subfloor. Resilient vinyl backing can include felt, PVC, rubber or cork materials, the purpose of which is to insulation sound, protect against mold, and increase comfort underfoot.


VCT doesn’t fit this description as it lacks a print film layer or PVC wear layer. VCT is a through-body design, which means it is the same color and look throughout the whole of the material. One benefit of VCT is that scratches can be buffed out and the surface refinished. A drawback, however, is the amount of maintenance required long-term. VCT needs to be polished to keep looking its best and resist wear. While up-front costs are low, the cost comparison between VCT and LVT when considering maintenance over even a 10-year period is markedly different.

FORMATS of Resilient Vinyl

Resilient vinyl comes in 3 basic formats: sheets, planks, and tiles.


Resilient sheet vinyl, often mistaken for linoleum, typically comes in 12 ‘ 6” rolls. IVC US, for example, manufactures rolls of sheet vinyl in over 13’ widths. The sheet vinyl option boasts a low price point with entry level sheet goods starting as inexpensive as $1.00 per square foot. Another benefit is the waterproof quality of a continuous sheet. With less seams, the chance of water penetrating to the subfloor through the seems in the middle of the room is eliminated.

Planks (LVP) + Tiles (VCT & LVT)

Planks and tiles offer a high degree of realism. Manufactured differently than sheet goods and costing more as well, planks and tiles do a much better job mimicking real hardwood and stone. Planks can vary in size from your 4” x 36” to as wide and long as 9” x 72”! Tiles are available in dimensions of 12” x 12”, 16” x 16”, 12” x 18” or 12” x 24”, to name a few. SPC resilient vinyl tiles can also be installed with spaces for grout to simulate a tile floor look.


There are a lot of options, as you can see.

We understand that the sea of options can be overwhelming. Our sales team is prepared to walk each customer through the selections best suited for them, taking into consideration budget, desired look, application, and maintenance. In our showroom in Lititz, PA, we host an extensive collection of resilient vinyl for customers to physically touch and see in person to help them find the ideal flooring solution for their space.

Free Quotes

We offer free quotes! We want to help you get your project started.

Reach out to us with a phone call or fill out our online form to schedule a free on-site measurement. Once we get out to your location for a measurement, we’ll have a project estimate to you within 7 business days.

Demolition, Floor Preparation, & Installation

In addition to being a flooring retailer, we are also a flooring service center, offering installation and repair for resilient vinyl flooring. Whether residential or commercial, we’re prepared for the job. We'll demolish and dispose of your old flooring and install your choice of new resilient vinyl, all the while taking great pains to ensure excellent subfloor preparation and finishing touches to ensure a quality finished product.

1 Year Service Warranty

To back up our work, we offer a 1 year service guarantee. This means, we at D&S Flooring, LLC warrant all installation work performed by D&S Flooring, LLC for a period of one (1) year from the completion date of the installation! If there are any failures due to improper installation, the responsibility of cost for the service repair falls on us.  Additionally, each product comes with its own manufacturer warranty. If there is a failure on the part of the resilient vinyl product, we will work with you and the manufacturer to resolve a material warranty (if required) in as timely a manner as possible.

Ready to get the ball rolling on your resilient vinyl project? Drop us a line!


Some of Our Resilient Vinyl Projects

Resilient Athletic Turf & Recycled Rubber Flooring

A fantastic option for fitness facilities is rubber and turf flooring.


  • Amtico

  • Armstrong

  • Armstrong Commercial

  • Azrock

  • Burke Flooring

  • Chesapeake

  • Congoleum

  • EarthWerks

  • Flexco

  • Flexitec

  • Forbo

  • Gerflor

  • IVC Vinyl Flooring

  • Johnsonite

  • Karndean

  • Konecto

  • Kraus

  • Mannington

  • MetroFlor

  • Mohawk

  • Nora Rubber Flooring

  • Patcraft

  • Philly Queen Commercial

  • Protect-All

  • Roppe

  • Shaw Resilient

  • Tarkett

  • Toli

  • US Floors

Derry is very knowledgeable about his product and is incredibly easy to work with. No pressure sales and he has a strong desire to give you the product and service he would expect for himself. His service is first rate and he always delivers exactly what he promises. It was a pleasure to work with Derry and his staff. My floor is outrageously beautiful and I refer everyone who asks to D&S Flooring.
— Tammy K., Satisfied Vinyl Customer